DONEGAL SFC PREVIEW: Glenswilly host Dungloe this weekend in a crucial Donegal SFC clash for the Foxhall outfit. The Donegal SFC champions of 2011 and 2013 are currently at a low ebb, and are in serious danger of being relegated from Division One.They lost their opening championship clash against Ardara in May, and last weekend their star player Michael Murphy limped off with a serious knee injury. Neil Gallagher missed Donegal’s entire Ulster SFC and All-Ireland campaign through injury, and is also unlikely to feature this weekend.They meet an in-form Dungloe side who have reeled off four wins on the spin in the All-County League.Michael Murphy will miss Glenswilly’s Donegal SFC clash with Dungloe on Sunday.Dungloe secured wins over Ardara, Glenswilly, Termon and Bundoran which should ensure their safety in Division One.Tony Boyle’s side defeated Bundoran comfortably at home in the Donegal SFC in May, and go into this weekend’s clash in buoyant mood. The youthful full-forward line of Adam Neely, Conor Greene and Ryan Greene have given Dungloe a dangerous attacking platform.While Hugh Moy, Matthew Ward and Luke Neely have also established themselves as key players for Boyle’s side.A win for Dungloe would see them safely through to the last eight of the Donegal SFC, while Glenswilly know a defeat would signal the end of their championship aspirations for the season.Without the influential duo of Murphy and Gallagher, Glenswilly will look to Caolan Kelly, Gary McFadden, Joe Gibbons and Ciaran Bonner for inspiration.While former Celtic FC and Finn Harps goalkeeper James Gallagher will be between the sticks for the Glen men. Going on form, it’s hard to see anything but a Dunglow win, but as the old saying goes form goes out the window when it comes to Championship, and that could be the case this weekend.Glenswilly are always difficult to beat at Foxhall, and with a bumper crowd expected it should be a hostile atmosphere.However, Dungloe are in great form of late, and have a good mixture of youth and experience, and should have enough to secure the win to see them advance to the last eight.Verdict: DUNGLOE Donegal SFC Preview: Can deflated Glenswilly defeat in-form Dungloe was last modified: August 24th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:dungloeFormglenswillynewspreviewSFCSportverdict
A CO Donegal man has been killed in a road traffic collision.The 62-year-old man who died in a horror crash near Sion Mills has been named locally as Patsy McCrory, originally from Upper Art, Castlefin.Mr McCrory’s wife and members of his family are understood to be among those receiving treatment for serious injuries sustained in yesterday morning’s collision. The accident happened shortly before 11.00am on the main Sion Mills to Victoria Bridge road and involved a Toyota Avensis car and a Suzuki Vitara jeep.Two women, one in her 50s and the other in her 20s, and two men, one aged in his 20s and the other in his 40s, are currently receiving treatment in Altnagelvin Hospital in Derry.One of the injured, initially described as critically ill, is now described as seriously ill and stable.The horror crash occurred less than two miles from last Friday’s three-car collision in which Alexander McEntee, a retired businessman, was killed. Mr McCrory had been living in Castlederg.There is widespread shock in Castlefin where his many relatives and friends were told of his death last night. DONEGAL MAN KILLED IN CRASH, WIFE SERIOUSLY INJURED was last modified: January 9th, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:A5castlefinfatalityroad crash read more
Was there ever a song and dance as fantastical as W. Ford Doolittle’s ITSNTS proposal?Yesterday, we took a look at the critique of evolutionary natural selection (ENS) in PNAS by W. Ford Doolittle and Andrew Inkpen. These two Darwinians are well versed in the controversies over ENS, having watched numerous versions parade by over the decades: kin selection, group selection, niche construction, inclusive fitness, neutral evolution, stabilizing selection, holobiosis, and more. They’ve listened to arguments over the meanings of fitness, adaptation, and selection. They’ve pondered the controversy over “units of selection” – the entities on which selection acts. They know evolution in and out, from its vision of proteins to its grand scenarios about the biosphere. And they’ve seen critics ask if natural selection is a law of nature at all, or just a restatement of happenstance or a priori reasoning. They can’t leave the situation in a mess like this. The Darwin show must go on!And so they make a proposal: “ITSNTS thinking” about evolution (we’ll define that shortly). They know that Darwin Party elder Richard Lewontin laid down the rules for understanding natural selection. “Standard ENS” (evolutionary natural selection) must meet three requirements:(i) There is variation in morphological, physiological, and behavioral traits among members of a species (the principle of variation). (ii) The variation is in part heritable, so that individuals resemble their relations more than they resemble unrelated individuals and, in particular, offspring resemble their parents (the principle of heredity). (iii) Different variants leave different numbers of offspring either in immediate or remote generations (the principle of differential fitness).Lewontin believed these conditions are necessary and sufficient for ENS, even though they also fit the Stuff Happens Law. Lewontin, by defining fitness in terms of survival, also fell into the tautology trap by equating fitness to reproduction (see “Fitness for Dummies,” 19 June 2014). Lewontin’s version also fails to account for the origin of novel structures, such as wings and eyes.Godfrey-Smith further restricted natural selection by warning, “there must be some parent–offspring similarity, and the clarity of a ‘parent-offspring’ relation of the relevant kind is inversely related to the number of parents—if there are too many parents there are no parents at all.” Any “selection” that occurs, in his view, must involve clear parent-offspring relations. But in his view of natural selection, he too failed to explain the origin of complex novelties. He reduces natural selection to little more than change: “Evolution by natural selection is change in a population owing to variation, heredity and differential reproductive success.” This makes extinction of the whole population a legitimate effect of natural selection as much as major leaps upward in complexity. That’s not quite what Darwin had in mind.Doolittle’s “ITSNTS Thinking” ProposalWith that background, are you ready for Doolittle and Inkpen’s proposal to save natural selection? Can they unite the warring factions? Can they harmonize the simple cases with the complex cases? Can they re-“Darwinize” the mechanism that made Darwin famous? Here it comes: “Processes and patterns of interaction as units of selection: An introduction to ITSNTS thinking.” What is ITSNTS? Here comes:ITSNTS = “It’s the Song, Not the Singer”This had better be a good show. Let’s try to understand it before we applaud or boo. Doolittle envisions a persistent process rather than a persistent population of individuals. The process (the song) goes on, whether or not the individuals carrying the tune (the singers) change. “If there’s a song, there are singers.” Conversely, when we see individual organisms or groups following familiar patterns of behavior, we can see themes persisting through time behind their activities. “If there are singers, there’s a song.” How on earth did Doolittle come up with this genius idea? How is it not circular?Well, it all started when critics of standard ENS found exceptions to it, like stable populations of symbiotic populations (e.g., gut biota), and processes that increase the fitness of the group at the expense of the individual (such as in the “evolution of altruism” or in social insect communities, where individuals incapable of reproduction do all the work). And then, there were some mystics trying to apply natural selection to the whole biosphere, invoking visions of the goddess Gaia. Knowing the controversies such cases generated between the mystics, the group-selectionists and the diehard neo-Darwinians, Doolittle looked for common ground. Let’s give Doolittle and Inkpen space to describe the peace treaty:It is for the same reason problematic to speak of adaptation of multiparental communities formed by recruitment or re-production. Sober and Wilson recommend what they call “William’s Principle”—that “adaptation at a level requires that there was selection at that level”—noting that “[t]he fact that a trait now benefits groups does not entail that it evolved because it was beneficial to groups.” Indeed, it is not clear that any property can be considered “beneficial” to impermanent and nonreproducing communities. These might come to show traits of interest to or valued by us as researchers or citizens, such as functional stability, or resilience, or “eubiosis” (in the case of the “holobiont” that is us and our gut microbiomes), these being the indirect byproducts of “lower-level” processes. But without some form of differential reproduction or differential and continuous physical persistence, these traits cannot be considered adaptations for communities if anything resembling Lewontin’s recipe is to be applied.ITSNTS theory seeks to rationalize (or “Darwinize”) such indirect “beneficial” outcomes, casting these not as adaptations for the individuals or collectives that implement a process, but for the process itself. Indeed, it was initially motivated by the now frequent claim that microbial community activities (“functions”) are more stable or ecologically resilient than are the taxonomic compositions of the assemblages carrying them out, a phenomenon demanding evolutionary explanation.OK, we’ve listened to their song and dance. Before cheerily humming the tune, we’d better look at the lyrics. In this view, individuals don’t matter, nor do species. They’re just singers who come and go. The song’s the thing, not the things singing the song. This view might be called, ‘Survival of the Process.’ What happened to Godfrey-Smith’s warning about “too many parents”? Where did reproduction go? It went to a hyphenated word: “re-production.” The singers re-produce the song, without a requirement of sex or genes, and the song goes on.To see how ITSNTS Thinking turns into a mystical idea, look at one example they take very seriously: the nitrogen cycle. Here is a “process” that benefits numerous communities of organisms. It is “stable” in the sense that even if populations come and go, individuals would surely “re-create” the nitrogen cycle, because it benefits them all. (We might say that the nitrogen ‘song’ keeps everyone humming the tune as individuals come and go in the evolutionary theater.) The beneficial process recruits individuals as needed to carry out their sub-function, and the process persists. In ITSNTS thinking, “the continuity of process ‘resides in the recursive representation of immortal pattern by ephemeral avatars (collectively implementing taxa)’” as D. Haig had suggested in 2014. Here’s how Doolittle applies ITSNTS to the evolution of the nitrogen cycle:No individual of any species involved in that cycle performs its role self-sacrificially. Each has coevolved with other participants serving as its environment, or against a background of the products of these other participants. No alleles have been fixed just because they promote continuance of the nitrogen cycle as a cycle, for all that alleles that have been fixed may do that: the time scales are too long and there are “too many parents.” Thus, a completed nitrogen cycle … is only a “fortuitous benefit” of the coevolution of separate species, not an adaptation of some interspecies aggregate. Such properties might be seen as beneficial for life in the very long run, but have never been adaptations as traditionally defined by a history of differential reproduction within populations. Standard notions of ENS by differential reproduction, and associated concepts of adaptation of things, cannot apply.Nevertheless, because each step of the nitrogen cycle in isolation can benefit a taxon that implements it, energetically or in the provision of metabolites, and because the cycle has long been in operation, many taxa (sometimes from all three domains and forming ecological “guilds”) have evolved that can and now do, collectively, perform it (Fig. 1).So far, no comments have appeared about this proposal. If Doolittle and Inkpen hope that controversy will subside, most likely they have poured gasoline on the fire. Hard-line neo-Darwinists will scream that they have mystified natural selection. Richard Dawkins will complain that they have replaced selfish genes with selfish processes. And many may wonder about the origin of the processes, and how new beneficial processes could arise. To paraphrase DeVries, ITSNTS can explain the survival of the process, but not the arrival of the process.Dr Bergman’s book explains the rise of eugenics from Britain to America to Nazi GermanyBefore anyone is tempted to drink Doolittle’s Kool-Aid, we want to point out that it has fatal flaws. If he can “Darwinize” the nitrogen cycle, and in the process eliminate traditional meanings of fitness, inheritance and reproduction, then natural selection has become disconnected from reality. It’s some mystical process out there that wants to “survive” by using real “things” as its pawns. Did you catch the phrase “immortal pattern by ephemeral avatars”? Sounds like Baal worship. We might note with a snicker, too, that ITSNTS tries to look sweet and nice compared to “red in tooth and claw” – which means all those genocidal wars that Jerry Bergman documents in his book The Darwin Effect were for naught. In fact, if Doolittle is right, the perpetrators of those horrors were fighting against evolution! They failed to worship this Gaia-like providential deity that tries to keep the sweet song going. I hope you Darwinists are paying attention to what’s happening to your theory before the Kool-Aid sets in.Needless to say, ITSNTS fails just as completely as all the other versions of natural selection at accounting for the origin of irreducibly complex systems. But perhaps the worst fatality in “ITSNTS Thinking” is that it accounts for too much. If all units of selection must be considered – genes, cells, organisms, species, and communities – singers in the grand old song, then why not add planets, solar systems, galaxies, and universes while they’re at it? And don’t forget the multiverse, too!The most valuable service Doolittle and Inkpen have provided in this paper is not just the laughter at watching drunk old men singing “How dry I am” on stage. No, the biggest take-away from this paper is that natural selection remains a vacuous, ill-defined, vague, controversial, meaningless, illogical, mystical restatement of the Stuff Happens Law. Thank you, Dr. Doolittle. You have done much to advance our cause, “Time to Ditch Natural Selection” (3 October 2015).Bethell interviews Richard Lewontin and others who admit failings in natural selection theory.Christians, creationists, ID advocates, please condemn this house of cards before it collapses. Evolutionists, run from it, too, so you won’t be caught in its downfall. Do something worthwhile with your science, like biomimetics. And historians, get out your keyboards. Natural selection will soon be known as the Worst Theory in the History of Science.(Visited 649 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 read more
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Adam Fennig with Fennig Equipment and Salford discusses tillage tools and cover crops for a video.A trip down Equipment Ave. at the 2017 Farm Science Review will find a variety of equipment from Salford Group. Adam Fennig of Fennig Equipment gives a walkthrough of the specialized equipment offered by the company, from both the tillage and cover crop seeding aspects.Dave Gunkelman takes us on a walkaround of the BBI spreaders found at the Salford Group booth during the 2017 FSR. The review runs through the 21st. Be sure to stop by booth 200 for more information.