Few historic figures in the rich history of the American frontier are more inextricably linked to the great outdoors than Daniel Boone. A hunting and fishing savant from the time of his early childhood onward, Boone spent his life in a state of perpetual exploration and adventure, continually pushing westward from his birthplace of Pennsylvania before eventually breaching the Cumberland Gap to find the famed “Meadow Land” that the Iroquois Indians called Kentake.While the legends of Daniel Boone—and there many—can be hard to separate from the reality of his day-to-day life, historians unanimously agree that Boone spent much of his formative years hunting, fishing, trapping and exploring in the fertile Yadkin Valley of North Carolina’s Piedmont region. When Boone and his family arrived in the Yadkin in the fall of 1751, they found a pristine landscape complete with fertile soil, bountiful wildlife, high ground for grazing and a wide-mouthed, swift-flowing river capable of powering the grist and sawmills that were so essential to early colonial life.According to Boone biographer Robert Morgan, Daniel Boone and his family may have spent their first North Carolina winter inside a cave by the banks of this river, which took the same name as the valley through which it flowed. The river and the land that surrounded it were nothing short of an unspoiled paradise, especially for a young man infatuated with the outdoors such as Boone.The Daniel Boone Heritage Canoe TrailWhile the Yadkin River of Boone’s youth has changed considerably over the centuries, some of the wild characteristics that drew Boone and other early settlers have remained intact.Today, you can experience Boone’s Yadkin for yourself by paddling the Daniel Boone Heritage Canoe Trail, a 22-mile stretch of river that flows through Davidson, Davie and Rowan Counties. Paddlers can put in at the Blueway Put-In off Highway 64 in Lexington. From there you’ll encounter a relatively tame stretch of water and some beautiful scenery beyond the Yadkin’s banks. The trail is dotted with ten historically significant waypoints or cairns that tell the story of Boone’s life on the Yadkin along with the stories of other early settlers and farmers.Cairn number one features class two rapids and marks the spot where Swicegood’s Mill once stood. The rapids here are created by the remnants of a large stone structure built in the 1800s by the Army Corps of Engineers. The structure, which was subsequently abandoned, was built in an effort to establish steamboat navigation along the Yadkin. Today it marks the best whitewater feature on the entire Daniel Boone Heritage Canoe Trail.Cairn number two pays homage to North Carolina’s history as a tobacco farming hub, marking the spot where Hairston’s Ferry used to stand. With an extensive system of some 40 tobacco plantations, the Hairstons were some of the most renowned tobacco farmers in North Carolina and Virginia. It was from this location on the Yadkin that the Hairstons ferried their wares across the Yadkin.Cairn three brings the paddler back Daniel Boone’s infamous time on the Yadkin, marking a spot where he is believed to have spent time fishing during his youth. Boone’s Shoal-Big Rock Rapid, located just upriver from Dutchman’s Creek, features a large ledge with a very large boulder in the center. It makes for a great lunch stop and a fun class I drop.The next cairn brings paddlers of the Boone Trail to a Yadkin tributary known as Dutchmen’s Creek. This creek is significant because it leads up to a homesite where newlyweds Daniel and Rebecca Boone once lived.Cairn number five marks a spot known as the Boone Gamelands. Here, modern day sportsmen can pursue wildlife on the same ground that Daniel Boone himself once hunted. The Boone Gamelands are administered by the North Carolina Wildlife Commission.Beyond Dutchmen’s Creek and the Boone Gamelands is cairn six where you’ll find Boone’s Cave Park. This park contains a fairly large cave that sits on a bluff above the Yadkin River. According to local lore, Boone visited this cave frequently as a youngster. It is important that paddlers do not attempt to disembark at cairn 6. Instead, continue 450 yards downriver to Baptism Rock Access.Cairn seven brings paddlers to a location on the Yadkin known as Boone’s Ford. It is unclear whether Boone’s Ford is named for Daniel Boone himself or for another member of his family who settled in the area, but most agree that it marks the spot where an old Indian trading road once crossed the Yadkin River.Cairn number eight marks the spot of yet another ferry, this one known as Hannah’s Ferry. According to local knowledge, Hannah’s Ferry was an example of a reaction ferry, an ingenious design whereby the ferry boat relied solely upon the river’s current to power the boar back and forth across the river.Cairns nine and ten mark the section of the river where the Boone’s Heritage Canoe Trail comes to an end a and the High Rock Lake hydroelectric reservoir begins. Before you reach the lake you’ll paddle past bluffs, bottomland forest and the remnants of Beard’s Bridge, a covered toll bridge built in 1818 that offered area traveler’s their first means of permanent passage across the Yadkin River.Boone Country Barbecue and BeveragesOnce you’ve paddled all 22-miles of the Daniel Boone Heritage Canoe Trail, you’re bound to be craving refreshments. Luckily, nearby Lexington is a veritable Mecca for North Carolina-style barbecue. When it comes to choosing a barbecue joint in Lexington, you’ll want to keep your options open because this historic barbecue hub is home to more than a dozen with names like Backcountry Barbecue, The Barbecue Center, Cook’s Barbecue, Kerley’s Barbecue and Lexington Barbecue.
Feb 3, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) tally of human cases of H5N1 avian influenza rose to 161, including 86 deaths, with the final confirmation of 12 cases in Turkey and one in Iraq this week.The WHO said on Jan 30 its collaborating laboratory in Britain had confirmed 12 of the 21 cases reported so far in Turkey, including four deaths, leaving nine cases still awaiting final confirmation. Yesterday the agency announced confirmation of the first case in Iraq, that of a 15-year-old girl in the northern Kurdish region.The WHO does not add cases to its official count until they have been confirmed by one of its collaborating labs.In Iraq, test results from two other cases were still being awaited, the WHO said yesterday. Samples from the 15-year-old girl’s uncle, who died Jan 27 after suffering an illness similar to hers, and samples from a 54-year-old woman with a respiratory illness were sent to the British lab.The deceased girl had been exposed to sick birds, but no poultry outbreaks of avian flu had been found in the country as of yesterday, the WHO said. A team of WHO and other experts was sent to northern Iraq to investigate, but because of security problems they were not expected to arrive until next week, the agency reported.Concerning Turkey, the WHO said the nine cases still awaiting full confirmation were still being investigated jointly by the British lab and one in Ankara, Turkey. The Ankara lab previously had confirmed the cases as H5-positive, the agency said.Calling testing for H5N1 infection “technically challenging,” the WHO said, “Additional testing in a WHO collaborating laboratory may produce inconclusive or only weakly positive results. In such cases, clinical data about the patient are used to make a final assessment.”WHO officials said today they are arranging for the shipment of thousands of doses of oseltamivir to Iraq, which has virtually none of the antiviral drug, according to an Agence France-Presse (AFP) report.Margaret Chan of the WHO said Roche, which makes oseltamivir, offered to provide 7,000 to 10,000 doses of the drug, “and we are trying to ship them as soon as possible,” the story said.Authorities in Iraqi Kurdistan have quarantined 14 people suspected of having avian flu, and massive culling of poultry is under way in the region, AFP reported.Elsewhere, Indonesian officials said a 15-year-old boy who died Feb 1 tested positive for avian flu in a local lab, according to a Reuters report published today. Indonesia has had 19 cases with 14 deaths so far, by the WHO’s count.Officials said it was unclear how the boy, who died in a Bandung hospital, contracted the disease, the report said. Samples were sent to a Hong Kong lab for confirmatory testing.In Hong Kong this week, three people were isolated in a hospital after they had contact with a chicken that tested positive for the disease. The chicken died after it was smuggled in from China, AFP reported on Feb 1.The three people, a man, his mother, and another relative, had cooked and eaten another chicken brought from China that had nested with the infected bird, according to AFP. The three had no symptoms.Yesterday preliminary tests failed to detect avian flu in the three people, but they remained in isolation pending further test results, the Associated Press reported.In the United States this week, a Roche official said the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) signaled an intention to buy 46 million treatment courses of oseltamivir, triple the amount previously ordered, according to a Jan 31 Reuters report.George Abercrombie, president and CEO of Hoffmann-La Roche, Roche’s US unit, told a Senate hearing the company had received an HHS letter of intent to buy 46 million treatment courses, the story said.Roche spokesman Darien Wilson told Reuters the company could deliver 26 million treatment courses this year if a contract were signed. A treatment course under current recommendations is 10 capsules.When HHS officials released their pandemic preparedness plan last November, they announced a goal of acquiring 81 million treatment courses of oseltamivir by the summer of 2007.See also:Feb 2 WHO statement on Iraq situationhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_01_30/en/index.htmlJan 30 WHO statement on situation in Turkeyhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_01_30/en/index.htmlJan 30 WHO statement on situation in Iraqhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_01_30a/en/index.html read more
Vice Chancellor of the University of West Indies (UWI) Professor Hilary Beckles says regional governments are clearing arrears to the institution.During a press conference on Thursday at the UWI’s Cave Hill campus in Barbados, Beckles said progress is being made in recouping millions of dollars. He revealed the selection made by Caribbean Community (CARICOM) leaders for Prime Minister Timothy Harris of St. Kitts Nevis to negotiate settlement of the receivables with fellow prime ministers was working well. “In the last four months, Prime Minister Harris has spoken to all the Prime Ministers. He has put in place a system where his office is engaging all of them to speak about how to get these receivables made available to the UWI.Significant strides made “So far he has made significant strides. A number of countries, especially in the Eastern Caribbean [have] paid significant blocks of revenue into to us as a result of his shuttle diplomacy,” Sir Hilary disclosed.Beckles noted that although Barbados is experiencing serious economic challenges, it is treating the money owed to the university as a national debt with a pledge never to renege on its financial obligation Performing assets accepted The Vice Chancellor noted that the methodology which the university had presented to the Government leaders proposed that where they could not give cash, performing assets would suffice to strengthen the UWI’s balance sheets and improve future revenues.“After his engagement with the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Prime Minister [Keith] Rowley, who is a great supporter of this… in fact, in that meeting with the heads, Prime Minister Rowley is one of those who said “we have to make good… our financial relations with the UWI.”Sir Hilary told reporters that Rowley also signed an agreement with the university to transfer a brand new state-of-the-art public hospital in East Trinidad as a performing asset.The UWI Vice Chancellor also said that other Caribbean countries are working through other strategies.He also disclosed that the Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda Gaston Browne has committed to writing a cheque every month for the next six months to the university. read more