Citation: Researchers find epigenetic factor in monogamy for voles (2013, June 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-epigenetic-factor-monogamy-voles.html Steady relationships reduce amphetamine’s rewarding effects (Phys.org) —A team of researchers at Florida State University has found an epigenetic factor involved in voles’ lifelong pair bonding. In their paper published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the researchers describe how they found the act of mating—along with time spent alone—led to permanent brain changes in the voles involved in the study. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Voles are famously monogamous, leading some to note that switching the letters around in their name spells the word “love.” But the factors that lead to such pair bonding have remained somewhat of a mystery. Researchers have known for some time that vole pairs have higher levels of neurotransmitters—vasopressin and oxytocin—in their brains, but until now, haven’t been able to explain why. In this new study, the researchers have found that the act of mating, combined with time spent along together, causes permanent changes to chromosomes that lead to changes in genes that are responsible for creating monogamous behavior.Suspecting an epigenetic factor (chemical changes to chromosomes that impact how genes are transcribed) was at play, the researchers tested captive voles in a variety of circumstances for neurotransmitter levels. Some voles were housed together for six hours but weren’t allowed to mate—others were housed together long enough to encourage mating (typically a full day). Some of the voles that were not allowed to mate also had the histone trichostatin A (TSA) injected into a part of their brain—the nucleus accumbens—it’s known to play a part in their monogamous behavior. Other voles without injections were allowed to behave naturally.In studying the results of their experiments, the researchers found that voles housed for just six hours with prospective mates that also received TAS injections, became bonded mates regardless of whether they actually mated or not—and genes for the neurotransmitter receptors had been transcribed, which meant the changes were permanent. Subsequent testing of such pairs showed the bonded animals exhibited the same raised levels of neurotransmitters as those who mated naturally in the wild. They also found that voles being housed together was just as important as the chemical injection—those housed for shorter times, despite the dose of TSA, did not bond. This, they say, suggests that the bonding that occurs has more than one component. Spending time together before mating, they note, causes some sort of mental imprinting that when combined with raised neurotransmitter levels, causes the voles to want to mate with just their partner for the rest of their lives. Explore further More information: Histone deacetylase inhibitors facilitate partner preference formation in female prairie voles, Nature Neuroscience (2013) doi:10.1038/nn.3420AbstractIn the socially monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster), mating induces enduring pair-bonds that are initiated by partner preference formation and regulated by a variety of neurotransmitters, including oxytocin, vasopressin and dopamine. We examined potential epigenetic mechanisms mediating pair-bond regulation and found that the histone deacetylase inhibitors sodium butyrate and trichostatin A (TSA) facilitated partner preference formation in female prairie voles in the absence of mating. This was associated with a specific upregulation of oxytocin receptor (OTR, oxtr) and vasopressin V1a receptor (V1aR, avpr1a) in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), through an increase in histone acetylation at their respective promoters. Furthermore, TSA-facilitated partner preference was prevented by OTR or V1aR blockade in the NAcc. Notably, mating-induced partner preference triggered the same epigenetic regulation of oxtr and avpr1a gene promoters as TSA. These observations indicate that TSA and mating facilitate partner preference through epigenetic events, providing, to the best of our knowledge, the first direct evidence for epigenetic regulation of pair-bonding. Male and female prairie voles develop strong partner preference after mating and stay together for life. After developing the strong bond, they become aggressive and exhibit mate-guarding towards intruders of opposite sex. Finally, after they have pups, both mom and dad participate equally in taking care of them. Credit: Dr. Zuoxin Wang © 2013 Phys.org Journal information: Nature Neuroscience
Since the discovery of the sun compass fragment, researchers have theorized that Viking sailors used them to plot their course—at least when the sun was shining. They didn’t have magnetic compasses, however, which suggest they must have had some other means for steering in the evening or the later hours. In this latest effort, the researchers describe a scenario where the Vikings might have used a type of crystal that they called a sunstone to help them use light from the sun below the horizon as a guide.The sun compass fragment, prior research has suggested, operated in similar fashion to a sundial, using the position of the sun to determine direction, instead of time. Some have suggested the Vikings also used a dome shaped object with slits in it, placed on top of the compass to help narrow the light during the time when the sun moved low towards the horizon. The researchers in Hungary are now suggesting that they also added calcite stone crystals for use after the sun went below the horizon. They’ve conducted tests which show that the crystals can be used to note where the sun is after it’s passed below the horizon, because they direct ultraviolet light into patterns inside the stone, which can be seen by the human eye. If such stones were used, the Vikings could have used them all night long in the northern latitudes as it never goes completely dark.The researchers back up their theory by noting that Viking literature is rife with references to sun stones, though none have ever been “officially” discovered. One crystal has been found amongst navigational tools on a sixteenth century sunken ship, but no one has been able to prove it was actually used as a navigational aid. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society A © 2014 Phys.org Citation: Researchers suggest Vikings used crystals with sun compass to steer at night (2014, March 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-03-vikings-crystals-sun-compass-night.html Explore further Credit: Soren Thirslund More information: How could the Viking Sun compass be used with sunstones before and after sunset? Twilight board as a new interpretation of the Uunartoq artefact fragment, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, Published 26 March 2014 DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2013.0787AbstractVikings routinely crossed the North Atlantic without a magnetic compass and left their mark on lands as far away as Greenland, Newfoundland and Baffin Island. Based on an eleventh-century dial fragment artefact, found at Uunartoq in Greenland, it is widely accepted that they sailed along chosen latitudes using primitive Sun compasses. Such instruments were tested on sea and proved to be efficient hand-held navigation tools, but the dimensions and incisions of the Uunartoq find are far from optimal in this role. On the basis of the sagas mentioning sunstones, incompatible hypotheses were formed for Viking solar navigation procedures and primitive skylight polarimetry with dichroic or birefringent crystals. We describe here a previously unconceived method of navigation based on the Uunartoq artefact functioning as a ‘twilight board’, which is a combination of a horizon board and a Sun compass optimized for use when the Sun is close to the horizon. We deduced an appropriate solar navigation procedure using a twilight board, a shadow-stick and birefringent crystals, which bring together earlier suggested methods in harmony and provide a true skylight compass function. This could have allowed Vikings to navigate around the clock, to use the artefact dial as a Sun compass during long parts of the day and to use skylight polarization patterns in the twilight period. In field tests, we found that true north could be appointed with such a medieval skylight compass with an error of about ±4° when the artificially occluded Sun had elevation angles between +10° and −8° relative to the horizon. Our interpretation allows us to assign exact dates to the gnomonic lines on the artefact and outlines the schedule of the merchant ships that sustained the Viking colony in Greenland a millennium ago. Researchers: We may have found a fabled sunstone (Update) (Phys.org) —A team of researchers working in Hungary has proposed that a sun compass artifact found in a convent in 1948 might have been used in conjunction with crystals to allow Vikings to guide their boats even at night. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences, the team describes theories they’ve developed that might explain how Viking sailors were able to so accurately sail to places such as Greenland.
Kolkata: The state Power department will start installation of smart meters for the first time, as part of a pilot project in Siliguri. The installation is expected to kick off from the month of July-August.A senior official of the state Power department said that the smart meters will be installed at 5,000 households, which will be connected to a single feeder. “We will monitor the use for a period of at least a year and then a decision will be taken on whether we will go for more such meters,” the official said. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe process of integration of software and hardware and other necessary infrastructure for adopting the new technology is going on in full swing. The smart meter is already in use at some places in the industrial and agriculture sectors.It may be mentioned that the Central government in 2011 had selected five to six states across the country, including Bengal, for a scheme on smart meters, whereby it had allocated 50 percent funds for the project. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe tendering process took a long time because of some financial problems associated with the executing company and of course because of the advanced technology involved in the project.Smart meters are very much effective in curbing hooking and pilferage, which has always been a matter of concern for West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL). It also contributes in bringing down pollution and ensure uninterrupted supply of good quality power. However, installation of smart meters entail a huge expense and the Siliguri pilot project involves an investment of more than Rs 5 crore.Elaborating on the advantages of smart meters both from the consumer and the department’s point of view, the official said that consumers will be able to automatically control electrical appliances from a remote location, while the utility company will be able to monitor electricity usage round the clock from its centralised server.”It also allows a consumer to reduce costs by increasing energy consumption during off-peak cheaper tariff periods,” the official said.It may be mentioned that the state Power department has already checked power theft for 8,000 big industries across the state, by implementing the technology of taking reading directly on a daily basis.The state Power department is holding talks with a number of foreign companies from countries like Japan, China, Korea, Europe and South Africa on using devices that cause less pollution in the Power sector.
Kolkata: The Bidhannagar South Police station arrested a person on Wednesday night on charges of duping a woman under the pretext of providing her with a land at Baota mouza under Kolkata Leather Complex police station area.The victim Urmila Das, a resident of FC Block in Salt Lake Sector III had lodged a complaint with the police on April 8, against one Francis Chatterjee alleging that the latter had taken a huge amount of money from her by giving false assurance that he would hand over a plot of land under Baota mouza in Kolkata Leather Complex within a short period of time by making sale deed of the property. However, when he ultimately didn’t handover the said land even after a reasonable amount of time, she realised that she has been cheated and lodged the compliant.During the course of investigation, police have found out that the person has cheated others in the same manner and amassed a huge amount of money by illegal means. “The amount of forgery will be to the tune of a few lakhs,” an officer of Bidhannagar North Police station said. Police sources informed that Francis is a resident of Salt Lake GC Block. He was produced at Bidhannagar court on Thursday and is remanded to police custody.
Barca’s troubles were eased, though, as Real Madrid remain a point behind the Catalans after being held 0-0 at home by 10-man Malaga on Saturday.Villarreal now
Kolkata: The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) will take up repair work of damaged roads in the city right from the next dry spell. The civic body has set a target to spruce up all the roads with potholes before Durga Puja.Mayor Sovan Chatterjee on Monday held a meeting with all state and central agencies that are responsible for road maintenance in the city in this regard.”We are soon to take up road repair work in the next dry spell. Now, we are passing through a phase of heavy rain so if we put asphalt on the road it will wash away. We will be carrying out temporary repairs now but the final works will be completed before the Puja,” Chatterjee said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt may be mentioned that all the roads in the city do not fall under the jurisdiction of KMC.However, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has given out strict instructions that the repair works are a priority now. She has instructed that work should start and the costs could be settled with the concerned agencies.”Some agencies might not have adequate infrastructure to carry out the work. In that case, we are asking them to identify the roads and hand over the responsibility on us to carry out the work,” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedthe Mayor said.He maintained that work for the drainage system on EM Bypass, on both its right and left side, will soon begin.”We have received about six crore fund from the state government and the tendering process has been started,” Chatterjee added.Officials of Railways, Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT), Kolktata Metropolitan Development Authoritiy (KMDA), Public Works Department (PWD), Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC), Kolkata Police and several others were present in the meeting along with the borough chairmenof KMC.
Kolkata: In a significant achievement as many as 16 candidates of the English department from the West Bengal State University (WBSU) has qualified for the National Eligibility Test (NET) and State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) in the academic year 2017-18. Three of the students have also bagged Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) offered by both CSIR & UGC as their stipend for doctoral studies or for their assistance in various projects.”It has hardly happened when so many students of a single department from any university in the state have cracked the NET and SLET examinations. We are delighted particularly with the fact that more than 80 percent of the students who study in our 46 affiliated colleges are first generation learners,” said Basab Chaudhuri, Vice-Chancellor of WBSU. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt may be mentioned that for the last few years, the percentage of qualifying students from universities across the state in NET and SLET examinations have hovered around 3 to 4 percent.Chandrava Chakraborty, head of the English department of the university, feels that the exhaustive syllabus and the in-depth study of the subject have contributed to such good results. “Our department started only in the year 2009 and since its inception, we have tried to frame our curriculum in a pattern so that it matches the syllabus of the NET. The syllabus is research-oriented and the current technological trends are followed during class lectures to arouse the interests of the students,” she added. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedArnab Mondal, one of the successful candidates, has already taken up M.Phil in WBSU. “The teachers have always ensured class discipline and have been always helpful in clearing up every single doubt of ours. The class strength being 35, they have been able to take individual care,” Arnab said. He is a resident of Dhanyakuria village in Basirhat and his father runs a grocery shop.Pallabi Ghosal, another successful candidate and a resident of Madhyamgram, was also all praises for the teachers of the English department. She will be doing her PhD from Presidency University.
Kolkata: The mercury in the city on Thursday plunged to 11.5 degree Celsius making it the coldest day of the season so far.”The minimum temperature may touch 10 degree Celsius in the next few days. A cold wave condition may prevail in some districts as well. The winter chill has intensified due to the uninterrupted flow of northwesterly, bringing in the cold wave to the South Bengal districts,” said a senior official of the Regional Meteorological Centre. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe Regional Meteorological Centre at Alipore also predicted that the city and some South Bengal districts may witness light drizzle in the next 48 hours, complicating the situation further. It was also stated that the visibility would considerably reduce in several parts of the South Bengal districts, particularly during the morning hours due to mist. According to the Met office, the city on Thursday experienced the coldest day in the last four years and the temperature may further go down in the next couple of days. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may hover around 10-11 degree Celsius by the end of this month, while in some districts it may further go down. On Wednesday, the city’s temperature remained at 12 degree Celsius. In some parts of North Bengal, the sky may remain cloudy for the next few days, particularly in the morning hours. As it has been predicted some districts in North Bengal may also receive light drizzle in the next two days. The weather condition is least likely to improve in the remaining days of the current month. The cold has been more intense in north Bengal with Darjeeling touching 2 degree Celsius on Thursday, while Jalpaiguri recorded 9.6 degree Celsius and Malda 12. The minimum temperature dipped to 7.7 degree Celsius in Sriniketan, 10 degree in Bankura and East Burdwan each. The mercury plummeted to around 10.6 degree Celsius in Nadia. The temperature is going down as the northwesterly that brings the cold wave got intensified. After low pressure trough over Bay-of-Bengal got cleared last week, the mercury started dipping, a weather official said.
An evening of Kathak and Sufi music, organised by Sindhi Academy on a Saturday evening enthralled the Delhi audience with its unique grace and presentation. The cultural evening – ‘Sajan Saan Rooh Rihaniyoon’- at Kamani Auditorium saw the presence of Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia gracing the occasion as the Chief Guest.’Sajan Saan Rooh Rihaniyoon’, which means two lover’s souls are talking to each other, featured an amalgamation of the graceful dance form of Kathak and the soulful rendition of Sufi music. Six Kathak choreographic presentations – Leela Chanesar, Shumar, Naale Alakh, Raqs, Kiyan Rijhaya, Tarana in Raag Darbari – were showcased at the event. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Sindhi art and culture is a valuable part of Delhi’s culture. Programmes like these are a great way of bringing forth the best of Sindhi tradition to a new audience. With a talented new Sindhi Academy committee in place, the Delhi Government hopes to present and develop quality Sindhi programmes,” said the Deputy Chief Minister.Sindhu Bhagia Mishra, Secretary, Sindhi Academy Delhi said, “Sufism is the strength of Sindhi Poetry and Shah Abdul Latif’s poetry is rated to be of the highest level when compared with world Sufi literature, which has been the basic guiding principle for the Sindhi Community.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWith a total of six breath taking performances, ‘Samskritiki Shreyaskar’, performed by the senior disciples of Padmashree and Sangeet Natak Akademi awardee, Rani Karnaa started off the evening’s programme. A rendition of ‘Leela Chanesar’ followed the performance by ‘Samskritiki Shreyaskar’. The third performance was based on ‘Shumaar’; three abstract elements, magical numbers, and musical notes come together with the mystic ‘Aum’ in this composition performed by Debashree, Sohini, and Shamila. Next performance by Debashree, Sohini, Shamila, and Somdatta was RAQS – the concluding piece ushered with a quintessential presentation of the multiplicity of Kathak as a dance form. In the Fifth performance, ‘Kiyarijhaya’, the devotee implores to have one glimpse of his Supreme Beloved. The sixth and final performance was of Tarana, presented by Debashree, Sohini, Shamila, Somdatta, Tultul, and Surangama.
Kolkata: Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee proposed in the election manifesto of the party that if the Opposition alliance is voted to power, 100 days work under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) will be increased to 200 days, along with doubling of the daily wages of those associated with this work.”Many people earn their livelihood through 100 days work and they are extremely poor. We will propose to increase 100 days work to 200. At present, those associated with 100 days work get Rs 191 daily. We will propose to double it. We will also look into the matter to ensure that they get their payment in 15 days,” Banerjee said, while releasing her party’s election manifesto at Kalighat on Wednesday. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe TMC supremo further proposed to reinstate the Planning Commission, which she feels has been wrongly dismantled by the Narendra Modi government. “It has been a Tughlaqi decision by the Prime Minister to dismantle the Planning Commission overnight. The Niti Aayog that he has constituted is of no use and it hardly listens to the problems of the states. It will be a part of our common minimum programme to bring back the Planning Commission, so that it can play an important role in maintaining the federal structure of the country,” she said. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThe TMC has also identified 12 thrust areas in its manifesto, which include demand of a thorough investigation by an ex-Supreme Court Justice into demonetisation and review of GST with an open mind to make it people-friendly, consumer-friendly and small & medium enterprises-friendly. The manifesto further proposes more focus on the social infrastructure of education and health, with enhanced and adequate resource allocation, special focus on enriching all cultures and encouraging sporting activities. “We will be giving special emphasis to create more and more employment for the students and youth of the nation. Around 2 crore people have lost their jobs in the last few years, while Bengal has increased employment by 40 percent,” Banerjee reiterated, adding that special emphasis will be given to fill up vacancies reserved for SC, ST, and OBC (which will include minorities). “Our common minimum programme will give priority to providing economic security and livelihood for the farmers. We feel that farmers require a special package. 12,000 farmers have committed suicide in the country in the last few years,” Banerjee maintained. She asserted that there will be emphasis on women empowerment as well. It may be mentioned that TMC has nominated 41 percent women candidates for the Lok Sabha polls this year and also boasts of 50 percent women reservation in Panchayats and municipalities. The TMC supremo announced that she will start her election campaign from April 4 and will continue it till May 17.
Kolkata: A family of four persons was charred to death at Bandel in Hooghly on Thursday.According to local residents, on Thursday morning, Zabeda Biwi saw smoke billowing out of her son’s room at Chandanpur in Bandel. She started screaming for help. Hearing her scream, neighbours ran to help her. Seeing the smoke, local residents broke open the door and found Zabeda’s son Surat Ali’s (47), his wife Rejina Biwi (33) along with their two daughters Afreen Yasmin (12) and Asiyana Khatun (5) were lying on the floor with serious burn injuries. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThey were rescued immediately and rushed to Chinsurah Imambara Hospital where Surat and Khatun were declared brought dead. Rejina and Yasmin died after a few hours at the hospital. The Bandel police station was informed by hospital authorities. According to a source, Surat, who was a farmer by profession, had some mental illness and was under treatment. A local resident said Surat and Rejina had frequent arguments. It is suspected that one of them could have set the room on fire. But cops still don’t know about what exactly happened. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateThough no complaint has been lodged, the police have initiated a suo moto case in this regard. Zabeda said she smelled something pungent after the door was broken by the neighbours. In another incident, the charred body of a woman was found on the roadside at Galsi in East Burdwan on Friday morning. Local residents spotted the body and informed the Galsi police station. Later, police recovered the body and sent it for an autopsy. A source said parts of vehicle tyre was found at spot. It is suspected that the woman has been murdered somewhere else and her body was burnt to hide her identity. Local resident suspected that the woman might had been killed after being raped. The identity of the deceased woman could not be established till Friday night.
Do you think women tend to prefer a particular type of man when they are fertile? If you think so, nothing could be further from the truth as a new study says that women’s perceptions of male attractiveness do not vary according to their hormone levels.These findings, published in the journal Psychological Science, run counter to the common assumption that sexual selection pressures lead women to prefer more masculine mates, who supposedly have greater genetic “fitness,” when they are most fertile and most likely to conceive. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”We found no evidence that changes in hormone levels influence the type of men women find attractive,” said lead researcher Benedict Jones of the University of Glasgow in Britain.”This study is noteworthy for its scale and scope – previous studies typically examined small samples of women using limited measures,” Jones explained. “With much larger sample sizes and direct measures of hormonal status, we were not able to replicate effects of hormones on women’s preferences for masculine faces,” Jones said. To address the limitations of previous studies, the researchers recruited nearly 600 heterosexual women to participate in a series of weekly test sessions. In each session, the participants reported whether they were currently in a romantic relationship and whether they were currently using hormonal contraceptives. In each face-preference task, the participants saw 10 pairs of male faces and selected the face in each pair that they found more attractive, rating how strong their preference was. The two faces in each pair were digitally altered versions of the same photo – one face was altered to have somewhat feminised features and the other was altered to have somewhat masculinised features. As expected, women generally rated the masculinised faces as more attractive than the feminised faces. Preference for the more masculinised faces was also slightly stronger when women judged attractiveness in the context of a short-term relationship as opposed to a long-term relationship.However, there was no evidence that women’s preferences varied according to levels of fertility-related hormones.
Do you know why you instantly recall the smell of apple pie prepared way back by your grandmother as you walk into her kitchen? There is a scientific reason behind it.Researchers have now discovered the mechanism behind how smells that one has experienced in the past have contributed in the formation of memories – suggesting a novel perspective on the way senses are represented in memory.The findings may explain why the loss of the ability to smell has been recognised as an early symptom of Alzheimer’s disease and can offer opportunities for improved smell tests in Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Our findings demonstrate for the first time how smells we’ve encountered in our lives are recreated in memory,” said lead author Afif Aqrabawi from the University of Toronto.”In other words, we have discovered how you are able to remember the smell of your grandma’s apple pie when walking into her kitchen,” Aqrabawi added.For the study, published in the journal Nature Communications, the team examined the strong connection between memory and olfaction – the process of smelling and recognising odours in the mice. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThey found that information about space and time integrate within a region of the brain important for the sense of smell known as the anterior olfactory nucleus (AON).While examining the function of AON, the team uncovered a previously unknown neural pathway between it and the hippocampus – a structure critical for memory and contextual representation, and highly implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.Mice whose hippocampus–AON connection was left intact, refrained from returning to familiar locations to sniff odours that were no longer novel whereas those with a disconnected pathway returned to sniff previously smelled odours for longer periods of time. “They prefer to spend more time smelling a new odour than one that’s familiar to them. When they lose this preference, it’s implied they no longer remember the smell even though they have sniffed it before, so they continue to smell something as if for the first time,” said Aqrabawi.”…we now understand which circuits in the brain govern the episodic memory for smell. The circuit can now be used as a model to study fundamental aspects of human episodic memory and the odour memory deficits seen in neurodegenerative conditions,” he added.
The state-of-the-art exhibition venue ‘India Expo Centre and Mart’ at Greater Noida will be abuzz with activities when overseas buyers from across the globe will descend on the venue for sourcing from the world’s largest handicrafts fair ‘IHGF-Delhi Fair Autumn’, to be held from October 14 – 18. The five-day-long fair is a B2B mega show organised by the Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH). “It offers an exclusive passage to the visitors to India to source the distinctive, fascinating and inspirational products of home, lifestyle, fashion and textiles which are utilitarian, aesthetic, creative, decorative, traditional, socially symbolic and significant,”said O P Prahladka, Chairman – EPCH. For the first time, over 3200 Manufacturers and exhibitors from across the country will put on display over 2000+ product lines, designs, styles, raw material base and concepts to the overseas buyers from 110 countries, informed Prahladka. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFurther elaborating on the same, he said that the fair will have the most extensive range of handcrafted products like Home textiles, furnishings and made-ups, carpets and rugs, floor coverings, houseware, decoratives, tableware, furniture, and a lot more. It will mainly focus on eco-friendly products made out of a variety of base material like wood, metal, glass, cane and bamboo, textiles made of natural fibers, wool, silk, jute, coir, etc. The products on display are handcrafted catering to all segments of customers be it low, middle to top end customers. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveRakesh Kumar, Executive Director – EPCH said, “IHGF-Delhi Fair has not only enabled Indian exporters in large numbers to participate in the show and secure orders but has also acquired the reputation of ultimate sourcing destination amongst the overseas buying community and ‘most effective marketing medium’ amongst Indian exporting community. IHGF also plays a vital role in increasing the foreign exchange earnings.”The overseas buyers from over 110 countries will be visiting the show. The buyers visiting the show includes wholesalers, distributors, chain stores, departmental stores, retailers, mail order companies, brand owners, buying houses and designers and forecasters. This year buyers from countries like Benin, Fiji, Latvia, Rwanda, and the Dominican Republic will also join this fair to source their requirement. Kumar further informed that the five days show will also witness knowledge seminars on varied topics such as enabling B2C exports through online channels, , Learn forecasting techniques to safeguard against currency fluctuations and more.Theme pavilion of North Eastern Handicrafts and mega cluster Jodhpur will be one of the attractions for the visiting overseas buying community. Fashion shows and ramp walks by models adorning fashion and utility items sourced from exhibitors of the show will add glamour to this congregation of exhibitors.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, hundreds of American women flocked to the United Kingdom in search of eligible, aristocratic bachelors. These were the so-called “Dollar Princesses”, wealthy American heiresses hoping to infiltrate the upper echelons of the British imperial elite. In this period, the United States was a relatively young country without an aristocracy. Rich Americans seeking to elevate their status, therefore, had to look across the pond to their British neighbors in order to secure links to noble families.For British aristocratic families, on the other hand, this foreign interest in their titles presented a significant opportunity. According to Smithsonian Magazine, several established families and estates were struggling in the late 19th century, and many British nobles were actually strapped for cash.The Gilded AgeAs the glory of the British Empire reached its pinnacle, some members of the upper strata of the British elite were struggling to keep up appearances.Marrying a wealthy foreigner was the ideal way to boost the family income and inject a blast of American glamor into the staid and conservative British aristocracy. The Dollar Princesses were often young, beautiful, and wealthy enough to sustain a lavish lifestyle.Moreover, by marrying British nobles they significantly raised their rank and influence and emerged as important political and social actors in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.Portrait of Lady Randolph Churchill, c. 1880According to the Smithsonian Magazine, the first of these affluent American émigrés was Jennie Jerome, the daughter of a fantastically rich American financier and speculator.Born in Brooklyn, and a notable beauty, Jennie was introduced to the young Lord Randolph Churchill by the then-Prince of Wales, later to become Edward VII.Within days they were engaged, although the official announcement was not made for several months, as their parents haggled over the marriage settlement.Lord Randolph Churchill and Lady Randolph Churchill in Paris (1874) by Georges PenabertAs part of this agreement, Jennie brought with her £50,000, and a personal annual allowance of £1000. This was an enormous sum that transformed the fortunes of the young Lord Randolph, who until this point had been reliant on a small stipend from his father, the 7th Duke of Marlborough.This marriage was significant for a number of reasons, not least because Jennie and Randolph’s first child was named Winston, and he would grow up to be Britain’s most famous and arguably most important political leader. However, according to Smithsonian Magazine, the union did not escape public scrutiny and was colored by scandal.Lady Randolph Churchill with her two sons, John and Winston, 1889First, Winston was actually born only seven months after the marriage had taken place, leading to speculation that he had been conceived out of wedlock.Second, both Jennie and Randolph engaged in several scandalous extra-marital affairs and Jennie was even reported to have had a dalliance with the Prince of Wales.Regardless of the gossip, her society connections gave her significant influence in political circles, and she was instrumental in furthering the careers of both her husband and her son.Jennie Spencer-Churchill photographed in 1889Jennie’s successful integration into British high society encouraged other American families to search for eligible bachelors on the other side of the Atlantic.However, not all of these marriages were successful. Consuelo Vanderbilt, from one of the wealthiest families in the United States, was bitterly upset when she was forced, against her will, to marry the Duke of Marlborough.Consuelo VanderbiltShe later recounted that she wept on the day of her wedding and she was very unhappy in her marriage. Both partners had a string of affairs and eventually separated after 10 years.It is estimated that around 350 wealthy American women married into the British aristocracy between the late 19th century and the outbreak of the Second World War.Many of these Dollar Princesses were effectively “sold” by their families and forced into a loveless marriage and a life that was not their choice.Consuelo Vanderbilt with her fatherNevertheless, they often exploited their new status to become influential political and social actors in their own right.Read another story from us: The Founding Mother – George Washington’s Mom was Quite the CharacterIcons of the so-called Gilded Age, these women brought an estimated $25 billion into the British economy, shoring up many ancient aristocratic families and shaking up British elite culture in the process.
Advertisement So, Brady won’t suit up for the Patriots in the regular season until Week 4. And now, because of Scissorsgate, it remains to be seen if he takes a snap in the preseason.Today in The Herd, Nick Wright sat in for Colin, and confidently proclaimed that it doesn’t matter, the Patriots are headed to the Super Bowl.“Tom Brady’s sliced finger be damned. The four game suspension be damned. There is not a time since Tom Brady has been there that they head into a season with a clearer path to the Super Bowl. Period. Point blank.”Nick pointed supported his proclamation by pointing out that the NFL, much like the NBA, is top heavy, with the NFC comparing to the Western Conference. While the Panthers, Cardinals, Packers, Seahawks will need to endure a death march to make it to the Super Bowl, the Patriots should be at full strength against the flawed elite of the AFC.The Broncos don’t have a quarterback, the Bengals have Andy Dalton and no Hue Jackson, the Steelers defense is a sieve, and the Chiefs are 3 yards and a cloud of playoff elimination.The NFL Playoffs are all about momentum. Even if Brady misses the first four games, by the time the playoffs roll around the Patriots will be on a roll he will have a death stare like Hannibal Lecter at human flesh convention.The Patriots have never had a clearer path to the Super Bowl. #TheHerdhttps://t.co/MFW2A3Co7w— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) August 19, 2016 Bad things do happen to beautiful people. Everybody, including remote alien species that casually eavesdrop on human civilization, already know about Tom Brady’s four game Deflategate suspension to start the NFL regular season.Then last night, Brady was scratched from a scheduled preseason start against the Chicago Bears after bizarrely slicing his thumb on a pair of scissors. What the hell is going on here? This isn’t Tom Brady’s life, it sounds like Brandon Weeden’s.BREAKING: Brady misses start after slicing thumb with scissors prior to Thursday’s preseason game https://t.co/38inBngO8y— Tom E. Curran (@tomecurran) August 19, 2016
Allen Iverson became an NBA Hall of Famer with the ultimate playground game, and in 1998 he took his devastating crossover to Rucker Park in NYC for his debut at the street ball mecca. It was predictably awesome.Iverson is on another level athletically than everyone else, but with more lax rules he was able to break out some of the hot sauce he couldn’t use in the league. His game was made for Rucker. Announcers. Trash talking. This has it all.Watch Iverson go And1 before a packed house at the height of his powers.
Guests:Michael Vick – Fox NFL Analyst and former Pro Bowl QB; Trent Dilfer – NFL Analyst and Super Bowl Champion; Josh Norman – Washington Redskins Cornerback Also:– Where Colin was right, where Colin was wrong– Missed calls on both sides of Saints/Rams– McVay’s game-winning coaching decision NFL OT rule outrage because it’s the PatsTom Brady led a clinical game-winning TD drive on the first overtime possession, and today the internet is buzzing with calls to change the rules because they’re unfair.Colin thinks the OT rule outrage stems more from the Patriots getting to their ninth Super Bowl than because it’s a competitive disadvantage, and no one would have had a problem if the Chiefs won the toss and the game on their first OT possession. The argument looks even more ridiculous because the Saints had the ball first in their overtime game against the Rams, and still lost.
Also:-NBA stars don’t need big markets to be marketable-College basketball builds NBA brands-Lakers should show the love to second tier free agents <span data-mce-type=”bookmark” style=”display: inline-block; width: 0px; overflow: hidden; line-height: 0;” class=”mce_SELRES_start”></span>Kawhi’s Canadian jet deal feels like he’s staying in TorontoEveryone is looking for clues regarding Kawhi Leonard’s free agency decision, but nothing leaks out of his camp so everything is just speculation. Colin thinks Kawhi signing an endorsement deal with an Ontario based jet company.Colin thinks this is a major clue Leonard is staying in Toronto because he wouldn’t likely start signing Canadian endorsement deals if he was about to leave. It feels like he’s putting down roots. Eh. Guests:Ric Bucher, Arash Markazi, Daryl Morey, and Doug Gottlieb